Investor FAQs

investor FAQs

1. What is the transaction structure proposed by Praxair and Linde?
On June 1, 2017, Linde AG and Praxair, Inc. announced that they had entered into a binding business combination agreement (BCA) for a merger of equals. For Linde shareholders, the business combination is structured as an exchange offer for shares of Linde plc, the new holding company, in accordance with German law. For Praxair shareholders, the transaction is structured as a merger in accordance with the laws of the state of Delaware. Linde AG and Praxair, Inc. expect the transaction to be completed in the second half of 2018, subject to regulatory approvals.

2. What will Linde and Praxair shareholders receive as a result of the transaction, respectively?
Linde shareholders will receive 1.54 shares in Linde plc for each Linde share tendered in the exchange offer. Praxair shareholders will receive one share in Linde plc for each Praxair share. In the business combination agreement, the parties agreed that the shareholders of both Linde and Praxair would hold approximately 50 percent of the shares in Linde plc, based on the assumption that the exchange offer was accepted by 100 percent of the outstanding Linde shares.

3. What is the structure of the business combination of the two companies?
Pursuant to the business combination agreement, Praxair’s business will be brought under Linde plc through a merger and Linde’s business will be brought under Linde plc through an exchange offer. More specifically, with respect to Praxair, an indirect wholly-owned U.S. subsidiary of Linde plc will merge with and into Praxair, whereby Praxair will become an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of Linde plc. With respect to Linde, the exchange offer which allowed Linde shareholders to exchange their Linde shares for shares in Linde plc, expired on November 24, 2017 at 24:00 (CET). The Praxair merger will occur immediately after the settlement of the exchange offer. Praxair’s stockholders approved the merger at Praxair’s special meeting held on September 27, 2017. More than the necessary percentage of Linde's shareholders accepted the exchange offer and all closing conditions (except regulatory approvals) were thereby satisfied at the expiration of the initial exchange offer acceptance period. The parties currently expect regulatory approval to be finalized and the business combination to be completed in the second half of 2018.

4. What are the next steps and what is the anticipated transaction timetable?
Praxair’s stockholders approved the merger at Praxair’s special meeting held on September 27, 2017. More than the necessary percentage of Linde's shareholders also accepted the exchange offer and all closing conditions (except regulatory approvals) were thereby satisfied. The parties currently expect regulatory approval to be finalized and the business combination to be completed in the second half of 2018.

5. Where will the new company be listed?
The shares of the new holding company, Linde plc, shall be listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange (Prime Standard segment) and Linde plc will seek inclusion into the S&P 500 and DAX 30 indices.

6. Who can help answer my questions?
If you are a Praxair shareholder and have any questions about the business combination, you should contact:
Morrow Sodali LLC
470 West Avenue — 3rd floor
Stamford, CT 06902
Banks and Brokerage Firms Call: (203) 658-9400
Stockholders Call Toll Free: (800) 662-5200

7. Do I have to pay withholding tax in Ireland?
Linde plc is established under Irish law and is incorporated in Ireland. The company is expected to be tax-resident only in the United Kingdom and is expected to be taxable only in the United Kingdom. Under current law, the United Kingdom does not levy withholding taxes on dividends.

Forward-looking Statements
This communication includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Forward-looking statements are based on our beliefs and assumptions on the basis of factors currently known to us. These forward-looking statements are identified by terms and phrases such as: anticipate, believe, intend, estimate, expect, continue, should, could, may, plan, project, predict, will, potential, forecast, and similar expressions. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding benefits of the proposed business combination, integration plans and expected synergies, and anticipated future growth, financial and operating performance and results. Forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to be materially different from the results predicted or expected. No assurance can be given that these forward-looking statements will prove accurate and correct, or that projected or anticipated future results will be achieved. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated in any forward-looking statement include, but are not limited to: the expected timing and likelihood of the completion of the contemplated business combination, including the timing, receipt and terms and conditions of any required governmental and regulatory approvals of the contemplated business combination that could reduce anticipated benefits or cause the parties to abandon the transaction; the occurrence of any event, change or other circumstances that could give rise to the termination of the business combination agreement; the ability to successfully complete the proposed business combination and the exchange offer; regulatory or other limitations imposed as a result of the proposed business combination; the success of the business following the proposed business combination; the ability to successfully integrate the Praxair and Linde businesses; risks related to disruption of management time from ongoing business operations due to the proposed business combination; the risk that the announcement or consummation of the proposed business combination could have adverse effects on the market price of Linde’s or Praxair’s common stock or the ability of Linde and Praxair to retain customers, retain or hire key personnel, maintain relationships with their respective suppliers and customers, and on their operating results and businesses generally; the risk that Linde plc may be unable to achieve expected synergies or that it may take longer or be more costly than expected to achieve those synergies; state, provincial, federal and foreign legislative and regulatory initiatives that affect cost and investment recovery, have an effect on rate structure, and affect the speed at and degree to which competition enters the industrial gas, engineering and healthcare industries; outcomes of litigation and regulatory investigations, proceedings or inquiries; the timing and extent of changes in commodity prices, interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates; general economic conditions, including the risk of a prolonged economic slowdown or decline, or the risk of delay in a recovery, which can affect the long-term demand for industrial gas, engineering and healthcare and related services; potential effects arising from terrorist attacks and any consequential or other hostilities; changes in environmental, safety and other laws and regulations; the development of alternative energy resources; results and costs of financing efforts, including the ability to obtain financing on favorable terms, which can be affected by various factors, including credit ratings and general market and economic conditions; increases in the cost of goods and services required to complete capital projects; the effects of accounting pronouncements issued periodically by accounting standard-setting bodies; conditions of the debt and capital markets; market acceptance of and continued demand for Linde’s and Praxair’s products and services; changes in tax laws, regulations or interpretations that could increase Praxair’s, Linde’s or Linde plc’s consolidated tax liabilities; and such other factors as are set forth in Linde’s annual and interim financial reports made publicly available and Praxair’s and Linde plc’s public filings made with the SEC from time to time, including but not limited to those described under the headings “Risk Factors” and “Forward-Looking Statements” in Praxair’s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016, which are available via the SEC’s Web site at The foregoing list of risk factors is not exhaustive. These risks, as well as other risks associated with the contemplated business combination, are more fully discussed in the proxy statement/prospectus and the offering prospectus included in the Registration Statement on Form S-4 filed by Linde plc with the SEC and in the offering document and/or any prospectuses or supplements filed with BaFin in connection with the contemplated business combination. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the events described in the forward-looking statements might not occur or might occur to a different extent or at a different time than Linde, Praxair or Linde plc has described. All such factors are difficult to predict and beyond our control. All forward-looking statements included in this document are based upon information available to Linde, Praxair and Linde plc on the date hereof, and each of Linde, Praxair and Linde plc disclaims and does not undertake any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.